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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Canis lupus

Accepted taxon: Canis lupus


Accepted taxon: Canis lupus
Taxon: Canis lupus
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: CARNIVORA | CANIFORMIA | Canidae | Canis
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Canis lupus diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 1, ASH (Ash contents) 7, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 4, CP (Crude Protein) 62, EE (Ether Extract) 19. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Canis lupus.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Artiodactyla WHOLE 12.77 Grzimek,B…
Mammalia WHOLE 12.60 Damuth, J…
Capreolus capreolus WHOLE 9.43 Torretta,…
Sus scrofa WHOLE 8.71 Torretta,…
Castor WHOLE 8.45 Grzimek,B…
Cervus WHOLE 6.13 Damuth, J…
Dama dama WHOLE 6.02 Torretta,…
Rangifer tarandus WHOLE 5.72 Damuth, J…
Odocoileus hemionus WHOLE 4.17 Grzimek,B…
Aves WHOLE 3.59 Damuth, J…
Alces alces WHOLE 3.33 Grzimek,B…
Cervus elaphus WHOLE 3.30 Nowak,R. …
Bos taurus WHOLE 2.69 Torretta,…
Capra hircus WHOLE 2.46 Torretta,…
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 2.21 Smith,A. …
Ovis aries WHOLE 1.90 Torretta,…
Arthropoda WHOLE 1.10 Torretta,…
Muridae WHOLE 0.83 Grzimek,B…
Capreolus WHOLE 0.68 Smith,A. …
Bovidae WHOLE 0.61 Smith,A. …
Lagomorpha WHOLE 0.53 Smith,A. …
Bison WHOLE 0.46 Nowak,R. …
Marmota WHOLE 0.45 Smith,A. …
Animalia WHOLE 0.38 Smith,A. …
Ovibos moschatus WHOLE 0.35 Nowak,R. …
Vertebrata WHOLE 0.28 Reid,F., …
Ovis ammon WHOLE 0.23 Nowak,R. …
Equus caballus WHOLE 0.22 Torretta,…
Osteichthyes WHOLE 0.15 Smith,A. …
Poaceae STEM 0.12 Torretta,…
Rodentia WHOLE 0.08 Smith,A. …
Homo sapiens WHOLE 0.00 Grzimek,B…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Canis lupus.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Carnivore Carnivore John L. G…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Animalivore Animalivore John L. G…
Locomotion: Eisenberg 1981 Terrestrial Terrestrial John L. G…
Temporal habits arrhythmic arrhythmic John L. G…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Canis lupus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 58 - 58 - - 29,200 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 9,600 - 80,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 10 10 - - - 46,920 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 62 - - 62 - 34,800 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 58 - 58 - - 970 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 1,318.75 - - Engelman,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 62 - - 62 - 1,190 - - Nelson, A…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 10 10 - - - 50.23 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Canis lupus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
OPD (l) n/a 2 2 - - - 22 - - Evans, Al…
OPD (u) n/a 3 3 - - - 49 - - Evans, Al…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 130 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 235 - - Engelman,…
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 162 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 50 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 51 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 177 - - Nelson, A…
BMR,mlO2/h nan mlO2/h 9 9 - - - 8,305 - - Genoud, M…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Canis lupus.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Canis lupus Gittleman,J. L., 1985, Carnivore body size: ecological and taxonomic correlates, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Evans, Alistair R., Gregory P. Wilson, Mikael Fortelius, and Jukka Jernvall. “High-Level Similarity of Dentitions in Carnivorans and Rodents.” Nature 445, no. 7123 (December 13, 2006): 78–81. doi:10.1038/nature05433. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Reid,F., 2006, Peterson field guide to mammals of North America, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Smith,A. T., 2010, A guide to the mammals of China, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Law, C.J., Blackwell, E.A., Curtis, A.A., Dickinson, E., Hartstone‐Rose, A. and Santana, S.E., 2022. Decoupled evolution of the cranium and mandible in carnivoran mammals. Evolution. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Genoud, M., Isler, K. and Martin, R.D., 2018. Comparative analyses of basal rate of metabolism in mammals: data selection does matter. Biological Reviews, 93(1), pp.404-438. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Torretta, E., Brangi, A. and Meriggi, A., 2024. Changes in Wolf Occupancy and Feeding Habits in the Northern Apennines: Results of Long-Term Predator–Prey Monitoring. Animals, 14(5), p.735. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Canis lupus Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Canis lupus , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/2]