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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Kobus ellipsiprymnus

Accepted taxon: Kobus ellipsiprymnus


Accepted taxon: Kobus ellipsiprymnus
Taxon: Kobus ellipsiprymnus
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Bovidae | Reduncinae | Kobus
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Kobus ellipsiprymnus diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 19, ASH (Ash contents) 6, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 32, CP (Crude Protein) 9, EE (Ether Extract) 1. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Kobus ellipsiprymnus.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Poaceae STEM 46.67 Damuth, J…
Phragmites STEM 20.00 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida LEAF 10.00 Grzimek,B…
Juncus SHOOT 10.00 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 6.67 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SEED 3.33 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SHOOT 3.33 Grzimek,B…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Kobus ellipsiprymnus.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Grazer Herbivore-Grazer A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Kobus ellipsiprymnus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 7 - - 7 - 226,600 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 3 - 3 - - 175,360 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 100,000 - 300,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 170,740 - - Wimberly,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 3 - 3 - - 1,867 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 7 - - 7 - 1,937 - - Nelson, A…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Kobus ellipsiprymnus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Length of the Masseteric Fossa cm 9 9 - - - 17 - - Quibod, M…
Muzzle Width cm 9 9 - - - 5 - - Quibod, M…
Total Length of the Skull cm 9 9 - - - 33 - - Quibod, M…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 8 8 - - 56 58 61 2 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 8 8 - - 51 54 57 2 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 8 8 - - 45 46 49 2 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 8 8 - - 33 35 37 2 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 8 8 - - 29 31 33 1 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 109 116 122 6 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 72 77 81 4 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 28 30 32 1 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 14 16 18 2 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 24 26 27 1 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 26 30 34 3 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 22 24 25 1 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 8 8 - - 34 36 37 1 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 299 334 358 19 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 287 321 347 18 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 95 106 116 7 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 83 95 102 7 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 48 54 60 4 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 35 38 40 2 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 71 79 84 5 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 93 103 112 7 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 8 8 - - 76 84 91 5 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 241 268 288 16 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 214 235 253 13 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 95 109 121 10 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 37 41 44 3 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 25 29 32 2 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 32 34 37 2 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 66 77 85 6 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 51 58 64 4 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 8 8 - - 56 63 70 5 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 8 8 - - 207 231 253 13 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 8 8 - - 20 23 26 2 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 8 8 - - 22 25 28 2 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 8 8 - - 39 44 49 3 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 8 8 - - 41 44 48 3 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 8 8 - - 200 223 245 14 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 8 8 - - 22 25 29 2 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 8 8 - - 21 25 27 2 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 8 8 - - 40 45 49 3 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 8 8 - - 36 41 45 3 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 8 8 - - 229 258 276 15 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 8 8 - - 56 63 69 4 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 8 8 - - 52 57 63 4 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 8 8 - - 48 52 59 3 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 8 8 - - 244 263 278 14 Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 8 8 - - 133 150 167 14 Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 8 8 - - 30 34 36 2 Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 8 8 - - 44 47 50 3 Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 8 8 - - 38 42 47 4 Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 8 8 - - 304 343 375 23 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 8 8 - - 90 103 113 7 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 8 8 - - 78 83 94 6 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 8 8 - - 47 51 55 3 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 8 8 - - 300 334 357 20 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 8 8 - - 61 70 79 6 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 1 - - Abraham, …
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 536 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 93 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 29 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 93 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 28 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 341 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Kobus ellipsiprymnus.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Clauss,M., 2010, Convergence in the macroscopic anatomy of the reticulum in wild ruminant species of different feeding types and a new resulting hypothesis on reticular function, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Gordon,IJ, 1988, Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants, Functional Ecology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprimnus Loison,A., 1999, What factors shape sexual size dimorphism in ungulates?, Evolutionary Ecology Research 51: Name variant or misspelling of the taxon Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Clauss,M., 2002, Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dichotomy from the other end, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus McNab,B. K., 1986, The influence of food habits on the energetics of eutherian mammals, Ecological Monographs 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Quibod, M.N.R.M., Gélin, U., van Langevelde, F. and Tomlinson, K.W., 2023. Diet-specific responses of skull traits to aridity gradients in bovids and cervids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, p.zlad068. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Kobus ellipsiprymnus Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Kobus ellipsiprymnus , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/16230]