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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Ovis canadensis

Accepted taxon: Ovis canadensis


Accepted taxon: Ovis canadensis
Taxon: Ovis canadensis
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Bovidae | Caprinae | Ovis
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Ovis canadensis diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 26, ASH (Ash contents) 11, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 48, CP (Crude Protein) 12, EE (Ether Extract) 3. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Ovis canadensis.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Plantae SHOOT 33.33 Reid,F., …
Poaceae STEM 30.00 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SHOOT 21.11 Damuth, J…
Cyperaceae LEAF 10.00 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida LEAF 5.56 Grzimek,B…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Ovis canadensis.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Mixed feeder Herbivore-Browser,Herbivore-Grazer,Herbivore-Mixed feeder A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Ovis canadensis.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 34,000 - 158,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 1 1 - - - 58,513.4 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 70,820 - - Wimberly,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 1,457.75 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 1 1 - - - 61.58 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Ovis canadensis.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Length of the Masseteric Fossa cm 6 6 - - - 14 - - Quibod, M…
Muzzle Width cm 6 6 - - - 3 - - Quibod, M…
Total Length of the Skull cm 6 6 - - - 31 - - Quibod, M…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 291 - - Engelman,…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 33 37 43 4 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 31 35 41 4 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 25 29 35 4 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 22 24 28 3 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 21 23 25 2 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 71 78 93 10 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 47 53 64 8 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 19 22 26 3 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 10 12 14 2 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 14 16 19 2 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 18 20 23 3 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 15 17 17 1 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 22 25 30 3 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 229 261 298 28 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 220 249 285 26 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 68 77 93 10 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 53 61 71 7 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 28 31 35 3 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 25 27 32 3 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 45 52 61 6 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 58 64 73 6 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 53 58 62 4 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 182 212 244 25 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 162 188 212 20 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 71 83 101 12 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 23 26 31 3 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 16 19 21 2 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 20 23 25 2 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 51 58 67 7 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 38 43 48 5 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 37 42 47 4 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 152 173 194 19 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 13 15 16 1 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 17 19 22 2 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 30 34 39 4 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 28 32 37 4 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 166 186 209 19 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 14 16 19 2 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 15 17 21 2 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 29 32 38 4 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 24 28 32 3 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 186 215 245 24 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 38 43 51 5 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 35 40 45 4 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 35 40 47 5 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 178 206 240 29 Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 113 129 146 16 Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 23 26 32 4 Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 30 34 37 3 Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 26 30 37 5 Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 254 293 336 33 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 58 68 81 9 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 50 56 64 6 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 30 34 39 4 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 5 5 - - 236 274 311 31 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 5 5 - - 50 58 70 8 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 0 - - Abraham, …
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 470 - - McNab, B.…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 23 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 21 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 299 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Ovis canadensis.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Ovis canadensis nelsoni/mexicana Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 20: Name variant (end) Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Gordon,IJ, 1988, Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants, Functional Ecology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis McNab,B. K., 1986, The influence of food habits on the energetics of eutherian mammals, Ecological Monographs 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Reid,F., 2006, Peterson field guide to mammals of North America, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Quibod, M.N.R.M., Gélin, U., van Langevelde, F. and Tomlinson, K.W., 2023. Diet-specific responses of skull traits to aridity gradients in bovids and cervids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, p.zlad068. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovis canadensis Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Ovis canadensis , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/16117]