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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Ovibos moschatus

Accepted taxon: Ovibos moschatus


Accepted taxon: Ovibos moschatus
Taxon: Ovibos moschatus
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Bovidae | Caprinae | Ovibos
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Ovibos moschatus diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 29, ASH (Ash contents) 7, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 50, CP (Crude Protein) 11, EE (Ether Extract) 3. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Ovibos moschatus.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Poaceae STEM 34.44 Damuth, J…
Salix STEM 24.72 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SHOOT 13.33 Damuth, J…
Cyperaceae LEAF 12.22 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida LEAF 5.56 Grzimek,B…
Empetrum FRUIT 4.17 Nowak,R. …
Salix herbacea STEM 2.78 Grzimek,B…
Vaccinium vitis-idaea FRUIT 2.78 Nowak,R. …

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Ovibos moschatus.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Mixed feeder Herbivore-Grazer,Herbivore-Mixed feeder A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Ovibos moschatus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 1 1 - - - 455,000 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 262,830 - - Wimberly,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 100,000 - 410,000 - Freudenth…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 2,082 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 1 1 - - - 108.88 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Ovibos moschatus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Length of the Masseteric Fossa cm 8 8 - - - 20 - - Quibod, M…
Muzzle Width cm 8 8 - - - 6 - - Quibod, M…
Total Length of the Skull cm 8 8 - - - 48 - - Quibod, M…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 412 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 410 - - Engelman,…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 49 51 53 1 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 48 50 51 1 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 40 42 43 1 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 34 35 37 1 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 32 33 33 1 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 102 105 110 4 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 67 69 72 2 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 25 28 30 2 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 16 18 20 2 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 19 21 24 2 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 27 29 31 2 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 23 24 26 1 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 40 41 43 2 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 284 306 337 23 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 274 294 325 20 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 85 97 113 12 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 86 92 102 7 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 44 47 50 3 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 38 41 45 3 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 68 74 85 7 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 83 91 100 6 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 74 79 85 5 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 257 278 312 23 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 232 250 278 18 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 103 123 145 18 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 38 42 46 3 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 29 31 34 2 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 31 33 36 2 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 80 86 97 7 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 51 57 64 6 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 59 67 75 7 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 128 134 143 6 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 15 17 22 3 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 30 34 40 4 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 54 58 64 4 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 46 50 54 3 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 137 142 149 5 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 19 21 24 2 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 23 26 30 4 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 48 51 56 4 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 37 41 45 3 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 232 244 261 12 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 60 65 70 5 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 58 62 68 4 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 57 61 70 5 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 276 299 325 21 Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 180 197 215 17 Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 40 46 52 5 Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 50 55 59 4 Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 38 41 44 3 Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 254 272 300 19 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 82 91 105 10 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 71 76 84 5 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 49 52 56 3 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 6 6 - - 300 314 343 18 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 6 6 - - 72 79 89 8 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 0 - - Abraham, …
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 501 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 88 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 30 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 101 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 34 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 286 - - Nelson, A…
BMR,mlO2/h nan mlO2/h 2 2 - - - 26,988 - - Genoud, M…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Ovibos moschatus.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Ovibos moschatus Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Gordon,IJ, 1988, Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants, Functional Ecology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Loison,A., 1999, What factors shape sexual size dimorphism in ungulates?, Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Clauss,M., 2002, Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dichotomy from the other end, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos rnoschatus Reid,F., 2006, Peterson field guide to mammals of North America, 51: Name variant or misspelling of the taxon Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Quibod, M.N.R.M., Gélin, U., van Langevelde, F. and Tomlinson, K.W., 2023. Diet-specific responses of skull traits to aridity gradients in bovids and cervids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, p.zlad068. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Genoud, M., Isler, K. and Martin, R.D., 2018. Comparative analyses of basal rate of metabolism in mammals: data selection does matter. Biological Reviews, 93(1), pp.404-438. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Ovibos moschatus Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Ovibos moschatus , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/16096]