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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Aepyceros melampus

Accepted taxon: Aepyceros melampus


Accepted taxon: Aepyceros melampus
Taxon: Aepyceros melampus
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Bovidae | Aepycerotinae | Aepyceros
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Aepyceros melampus diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 25, ASH (Ash contents) 8, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 51, CP (Crude Protein) 13, EE (Ether Extract) 4. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Aepyceros melampus.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Magnoliopsida LEAF 34.84 Damuth, J…
Poaceae STEM 34.19 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida STEM 11.61 Damuth, J…
Acacia SEED 7.74 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SHOOT 5.81 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 3.87 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida SEED 1.94 Grzimek,B…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Aepyceros melampus.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Mixed feeder Herbivore-Mixed feeder A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Aepyceros melampus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 28 - - 28 - 56,900 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 28,000 - 80,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 9 - 9 - - 40,480 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 12 - 12 - - 42,080 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 4 4 - - - 46,493.22 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 45,990 - - Wimberly,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 10 - - 10 - 44,180 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 12 - 12 - - 1,278 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 1,400 - - Engelman,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 10 - - 10 - 1,269 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 28 - - 28 - 1,354 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 9 - 9 - - 1,373.4 - - Nelson, A…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 4 4 - - - 50.12 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Aepyceros melampus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Length of the Masseteric Fossa cm 11 11 - - - 12 - - Quibod, M…
Muzzle Width cm 11 11 - - - 3 - - Quibod, M…
Total Length of the Skull cm 11 11 - - - 24 - - Quibod, M…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 175 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 238 - - Engelman,…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 2 2 - - 38 38 39 1 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 2 2 - - 35 35 36 1 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 2 2 - - 30 30 30 0 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 2 2 - - 22 22 23 1 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 2 2 - - 21 21 22 1 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 79 85 90 8 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 53 58 63 6 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 20 22 23 3 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 9 10 11 1 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 16 17 18 1 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 20 21 23 2 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 13 14 15 1 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 2 2 - - 22 24 25 2 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 214 232 250 25 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 203 221 239 26 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 61 65 68 5 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 57 61 66 6 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 32 34 36 2 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 23 24 26 2 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 48 49 50 2 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 62 64 67 4 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 2 2 - - 52 54 56 3 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 169 180 191 16 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 150 160 170 14 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 60 66 71 8 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 26 27 28 1 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 18 18 18 0 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 22 22 23 0 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 51 54 57 4 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 36 39 43 5 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 2 2 - - 37 37 38 0 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 2 2 - - 211 222 233 15 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 2 2 - - 13 16 20 5 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 2 2 - - 14 16 17 2 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 2 2 - - 25 27 29 3 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 2 2 - - 28 29 29 0 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 2 2 - - 214 230 245 22 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 2 2 - - 16 18 20 3 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 2 2 - - 13 15 16 2 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 2 2 - - 26 28 30 3 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 2 2 - - 26 27 29 2 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 2 2 - - 207 219 231 17 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 2 2 - - 35 37 39 3 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 2 2 - - 33 34 34 1 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 2 2 - - 33 33 34 1 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 2 2 - - - 175 - - Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 2 2 - - - 88 - - Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 2 2 - - - 20 - - Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 2 2 - - - 31 - - Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 2 2 - - - 26 - - Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 2 2 - - 254 274 294 28 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 2 2 - - 58 65 72 10 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 2 2 - - 50 53 55 4 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 2 2 - - 32 33 35 2 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 2 2 - - 250 266 282 23 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 2 2 - - 43 48 53 7 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 1 - - Abraham, …
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 66 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 20 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 67 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 18 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 361 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Aepyceros melampus.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Aepyceros melampus Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Clauss,M., 2002, Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dichotomy from the other end, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Clauss,M., 2010, Convergence in the macroscopic anatomy of the reticulum in wild ruminant species of different feeding types and a new resulting hypothesis on reticular function, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Gordon,IJ, 1988, Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants, Functional Ecology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Loison,A., 1999, What factors shape sexual size dimorphism in ungulates?, Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Sponheimer,M., 2001, The oxygen isotope composition of mammalian enamel carbonate from Morea Estate, South Africa, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Quibod, M.N.R.M., Gélin, U., van Langevelde, F. and Tomlinson, K.W., 2023. Diet-specific responses of skull traits to aridity gradients in bovids and cervids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, p.zlad068. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Aepyceros melampus Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Aepyceros melampus , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/15811]