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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Giraffa camelopardalis

Accepted taxon: Giraffa camelopardalis


Accepted taxon: Giraffa camelopardalis
Taxon: Giraffa camelopardalis
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Giraffidae | Giraffa
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Giraffa camelopardalis diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 24, ASH (Ash contents) 6, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 55, CP (Crude Protein) 12, EE (Ether Extract) 3. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Giraffa camelopardalis.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Acacia LEAF 33.33 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida STEM 22.22 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida LEAF 16.67 Damuth, J…
Mimosa LEAF 11.11 Nowak,R. …
Combretum LEAF 11.11 Grzimek,B…
Prunus armeniaca LEAF 5.56 Nowak,R. …

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Giraffa camelopardalis.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Browser Herbivore-Browser A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Giraffa camelopardalis.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 466,000 - 1,930,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 1 1 - - - 911,720.7 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 845,380 - - Wimberly,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 3,355 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 1 1 - - - 110.36 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Giraffa camelopardalis.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
brainmass nan g - - - - - 629 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 619 - - Engelman,…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 94 101 110 6 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 83 87 95 5 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 69 73 80 5 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 64 69 81 7 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 5 5 - - 63 69 76 4 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 174 187 220 20 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 104 116 142 16 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 51 56 67 6 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 29 32 36 3 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 43 48 53 4 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 50 57 65 6 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 37 43 47 4 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 5 5 - - 62 69 77 7 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 438 496 591 58 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 438 495 587 57 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 169 186 219 20 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 150 164 196 19 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 75 82 99 10 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 62 67 76 5 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 126 138 167 17 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 182 192 217 15 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 5 5 - - 131 137 149 8 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 433 468 563 54 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 403 442 534 53 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 188 214 250 22 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 59 66 78 7 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 41 47 53 4 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 55 59 67 5 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 131 142 170 16 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 100 111 134 14 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 5 5 - - 110 125 139 13 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 590 602 609 11 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 42 44 45 2 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 43 45 48 2 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 80 83 84 3 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 5 5 - - 84 89 92 4 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 608 613 617 5 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 42 44 46 2 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 43 44 44 0 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 71 76 79 4 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 5 5 - - 72 77 80 5 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 660 725 882 106 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 115 128 149 14 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 105 113 130 10 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 5 5 - - 111 124 153 17 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 507 554 626 63 Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 214 230 263 28 Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 75 84 98 12 Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 71 85 106 18 Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 5 5 - - 62 76 93 16 Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 498 554 685 77 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 172 187 230 24 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 140 148 174 15 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 5 5 - - 94 107 121 10 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 5 5 - - 750 810 1,000 108 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 5 5 - - 97 111 144 19 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 0 - - Abraham, …
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 158 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 69 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 173 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 85 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 916 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Giraffa camelopardalis.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Giraffa camelopardalis Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Clauss,M., 2010, Convergence in the macroscopic anatomy of the reticulum in wild ruminant species of different feeding types and a new resulting hypothesis on reticular function, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Gordon,IJ, 1988, Incisor arcade structure and diet selection in ruminants, Functional Ecology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Sponheimer,M., 2001, The oxygen isotope composition of mammalian enamel carbonate from Morea Estate, South Africa, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Clauss,M., 2002, Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dichotomy from the other end, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Giraffa camelopardalis Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Giraffa camelopardalis , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/15803]