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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Rangifer tarandus

Accepted taxon: Rangifer tarandus


Accepted taxon: Rangifer tarandus
Taxon: Rangifer tarandus
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: ARTIODACTYLA | Cervidae | Capreolinae | Rangifer
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Rangifer tarandus diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 22, ASH (Ash contents) 9, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 48, CP (Crude Protein) 16, EE (Ether Extract) 5. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Rangifer tarandus.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Magnoliopsida SHOOT 17.72 Damuth, J…
Ascomycota SHOOT 15.87 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida STEM 13.23 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida LEAF 11.11 Nowak,R. …
Poaceae STEM 6.08 Damuth, J…
Betula LEAF 5.56 Grzimek,B…
Fungi SHOOT 5.56 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida BARK 4.76 Smith,A. …
Salix LEAF 4.76 Grzimek,B…
Bryophyta SHOOT 4.23 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida BUD 3.17 Grzimek,B…
Eriophorum LEAF 2.65 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida FLOWER 2.38 Grzimek,B…
Cyperaceae LEAF 1.59 Grzimek,B…
Pteridophyta LEAF 0.79 Smith,A. …
Equisetophyta SHOOT 0.53 Grzimek,B…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Rangifer tarandus.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Herbivore-Mixed feeder Herbivore-Grazer,Herbivore-Mixed feeder A. Myster…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Herbivore Herbivore A. Myster…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Rangifer tarandus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 37,800 - 318,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 1 1 - - - 240,000 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - - 108,170 - - Wimberly,…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 1,975 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 1 1 - - - 84.91 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Rangifer tarandus.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Length of the Masseteric Fossa cm 7 7 - - - 15 - - Quibod, M…
Muzzle Width cm 7 7 - - - 6 - - Quibod, M…
Total Length of the Skull cm 7 7 - - - 34 - - Quibod, M…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 278 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 360 - - Engelman,…
A1-MLL (maximum lateral length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 44 49 55 4 Wimberly,…
A2-MML (maximum medial length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 41 46 51 4 Wimberly,…
A3-MIN (minimal length of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 35 39 43 4 Wimberly,…
A4-WAT (width at tarsus of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 27 31 38 5 Wimberly,…
A5-WAF (width at trochlea of the astragalus) nan mm 6 6 - - 26 29 32 3 Wimberly,…
C1-UL (greatest length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 91 100 120 11 Wimberly,…
C2-TL (length of body of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 59 67 82 9 Wimberly,…
C3-MBH (midbody height of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 22 25 29 3 Wimberly,…
C4-MBTV (midbody transverse width of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 12 14 14 1 Wimberly,…
C5-FFL (fibular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 17 19 21 2 Wimberly,…
C6-CNFL (cubonavicular facet length of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 21 23 25 1 Wimberly,…
C7-HSF (height of sustentacular facet of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 19 21 24 2 Wimberly,…
C8-HST (height of sustentaculum tali of the calcaneus) nan mm 6 6 - - 28 31 33 2 Wimberly,…
F1-UL (full length of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 259 300 342 30 Wimberly,…
F2-FL (functional length of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 252 292 338 33 Wimberly,…
F3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 69 88 103 11 Wimberly,…
F4-PW (proximal width of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 66 76 85 8 Wimberly,…
F5-MLHW (mediolateral femoral head of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 32 37 44 4 Wimberly,…
F6-APHW (anteroposterior femoral head of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 28 32 37 4 Wimberly,…
F7-DW (distal width of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 56 64 72 7 Wimberly,…
F8-MPL (medial condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 70 79 88 8 Wimberly,…
F9-LPL (lateral condyle and patellar lip of the femur) nan mm 6 6 - - 59 68 76 6 Wimberly,…
H1-UL (full length of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 218 260 296 29 Wimberly,…
H2-FL (functional length of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 205 243 278 28 Wimberly,…
H3-MCF (midshaft circumference of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 72 98 121 17 Wimberly,…
H4-MTH (largest medial height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 32 37 42 4 Wimberly,…
H5-MidTH (smallest height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 23 27 30 3 Wimberly,…
H6-LTH (largest lateral height of trochlea of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 28 32 34 3 Wimberly,…
H7-PW (proximal width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 51 62 69 8 Wimberly,…
H8-MLH (mediolateral humeral head width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 43 51 57 5 Wimberly,…
H9-DW (distal width of the humerus) nan mm 6 6 - - 45 52 60 6 Wimberly,…
MC1-UL (length of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 168 192 225 23 Wimberly,…
MC2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 17 22 25 4 Wimberly,…
MC3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 20 25 28 3 Wimberly,…
MC4-DW (distal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 37 43 48 4 Wimberly,…
MC5-PW (proximal width of the metacarpus) nan mm 6 6 - - 32 38 43 4 Wimberly,…
MT1-UL (length of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 237 262 301 27 Wimberly,…
MT2-MAP (anteroposterior midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 25 34 41 6 Wimberly,…
MT3-MML (mediolateral midshaft of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 20 25 28 3 Wimberly,…
MT4-DW (distal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 37 43 48 4 Wimberly,…
MT5-PW (proximal width of the metatarsus) nan mm 6 6 - - 30 34 39 3 Wimberly,…
R1-UL (length of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 225 273 323 37 Wimberly,…
R2-PW (full proximal width of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 41 50 57 6 Wimberly,…
R3-NPW (width of humeral articular surface of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 41 46 53 5 Wimberly,…
R4-DW (distal width of the radius) nan mm 6 6 - - 42 48 54 4 Wimberly,…
S1-L (full length of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 203 270 312 39 Wimberly,…
S2-GW (greatest cranio-caudal length of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 124 163 189 23 Wimberly,…
S3-SW (shortest length of scapular neck of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 29 40 49 7 Wimberly,…
S4-GH (anteroposterior glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 35 42 49 5 Wimberly,…
S5-GW (mediolateral glenoid fossa of the scapula) nan mm 6 6 - - 30 37 43 5 Wimberly,…
T1-L (full length of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 269 323 388 43 Wimberly,…
T2-MCF (midshaft circumference of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 70 88 100 11 Wimberly,…
T3-PW (proximal width of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 59 67 75 7 Wimberly,…
T4-DW (distal width of the tibia) nan mm 6 6 - - 39 44 50 4 Wimberly,…
U1-UL (length of the ulna) nan mm 6 6 - - 282 342 402 44 Wimberly,…
U2-OPL (olecranon process length of the ulna) nan mm 6 6 - - 51 64 76 9 Wimberly,…
average ungulate dietary grass fraction (proportional) nan unitless - - - - - 0 - - Abraham, …
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 480 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 77 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 31 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 80 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 37 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 342 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Rangifer tarandus.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Rangifer tarandus Mysterud,Atle, 2000, The Relationship between Ecological Segregation and Sexual Body Size Dimorphism in Large Herbivores, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Clauss,M., 2010, Convergence in the macroscopic anatomy of the reticulum in wild ruminant species of different feeding types and a new resulting hypothesis on reticular function, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Loison,A., 1999, What factors shape sexual size dimorphism in ungulates?, Evolutionary Ecology Research 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Clauss,M., 2002, Faecal particle size distribution in captive wild ruminants: an approach to the browser/grazer dichotomy from the other end, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Mendoza,M., 2008, Hypsodonty in ungulates: an adaptation for grass consumption or for foraging in open habitat?, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus McNab,B. K., 1986, The influence of food habits on the energetics of eutherian mammals, Ecological Monographs 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Smith,A. T., 2010, A guide to the mammals of China, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Quibod, M.N.R.M., Gélin, U., van Langevelde, F. and Tomlinson, K.W., 2023. Diet-specific responses of skull traits to aridity gradients in bovids and cervids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, p.zlad068. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Wimberly, A.N., 2023. Predicting body mass in Ruminantia using postcranial measurements. Journal of Morphology, 284(10), p.e21636. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Abraham, J.O., Upham, N.S., Damian-Serrano, A. and Jesmer, B.R., 2022. Evolutionary causes and consequences of ungulate migration. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 6(7), pp.998-1006. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Lundgren, E.J., Schowanek, S.D., Rowan, J., Middleton, O., Pedersen, R.Ø., Wallach, A.D., Ramp, D., Davis, M., Sandom, C.J. and Svenning, J.C., 2021. Functional traits of the world’s late Quaternary large-bodied avian and mammalian herbivores. Scientific data, 8(1), p.17. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Rangifer tarandus Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Rangifer tarandus , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/15671]