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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Procyon lotor

Accepted taxon: Procyon lotor


Accepted taxon: Procyon lotor
Taxon: Procyon lotor
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: CARNIVORA | CANIFORMIA | Procyonidae | Procyon
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Procyon lotor diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 8, ASH (Ash contents) 6, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 53, CP (Crude Protein) 22, EE (Ether Extract) 8. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Procyon lotor.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 32.14 Damuth, J…
Poaceae SEED 17.86 Damuth, J…
Magnoliopsida SEED 14.29 Damuth, J…
Insecta WHOLE 9.52 Damuth, J…
Anura WHOLE 9.52 Damuth, J…
Astacoidea WHOLE 8.33 Damuth, J…
Quercus SEED 4.76 Grzimek,B…
Aves EGGS 2.38 Grzimek,B…
Vertebrata EGGS 1.19 Damuth, J…

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Procyon lotor.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Frugivore-omnivore Frugivore-omnivore John G. R…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Frugivore Frugivore A. R. Fri…
Locomotion: Eisenberg 1981 Terrestrial Scansonal,Terrestrial John L. G…
Temporal habits nocturnal nocturnal,nocturnal and crepuscular John L. G…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Procyon lotor.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 3 - 3 - - 4,082.33 - - Nelson, A…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 1,800 - 22,000 - Freudenth…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 12 12 - - - 5,227.65 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g 5 - - 5 - 4,989.52 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 5 - - 5 - 553 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 3 - 3 - - 513 - - Nelson, A…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 4 4 - - - 598.5 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 12 12 - - - 24.62 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Procyon lotor.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
OPD (l) n/a 2 2 - - - 85 - - Evans, Al…
OPD (u) n/a 3 3 - - - 96 - - Evans, Al…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 41 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 106 - - Engelman,…
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 44 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 31 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 29 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 52 - - Nelson, A…
BMR,mlO2/h nan mlO2/h 12 12 - - - 2,068 - - Genoud, M…
BMR,mlO2/h nan mlO2/h 3 3 - - - 1,873 - - Genoud, M…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Procyon lotor.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Procyon lotor Robinson,John G., 1986, Body Size, Diet, and Population Density of Neotropical Forest Mammals, The American Naturalist 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Samuels,J. X., 2008, Skeletal indicators of locomotor adaptations in living and extinct rodents, Journal of Morphology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Gittleman,J. L., 1985, Carnivore body size: ecological and taxonomic correlates, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Friscia,AR, 2006, An ecomorphological analysis of extant small carnivorans, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Medellín,R. A., 1994, Mammal diversity and conservation in the Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, Mexico, Conservation Biology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Evans, Alistair R., Gregory P. Wilson, Mikael Fortelius, and Jukka Jernvall. “High-Level Similarity of Dentitions in Carnivorans and Rodents.” Nature 445, no. 7123 (December 13, 2006): 78–81. doi:10.1038/nature05433. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Reid,F., 2006, Peterson field guide to mammals of North America, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Law, C.J., Blackwell, E.A., Curtis, A.A., Dickinson, E., Hartstone‐Rose, A. and Santana, S.E., 2022. Decoupled evolution of the cranium and mandible in carnivoran mammals. Evolution. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Genoud, M., Isler, K. and Martin, R.D., 2018. Comparative analyses of basal rate of metabolism in mammals: data selection does matter. Biological Reviews, 93(1), pp.404-438. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Procyon lotor Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Procyon lotor , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/15296]