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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Meles meles

Accepted taxon: Meles meles


Accepted taxon: Meles meles
Taxon: Meles meles
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: CARNIVORA | CANIFORMIA | Mustelidae | Mustelinae | Meles
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Meles meles diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 4, ASH (Ash contents) 10, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 22, CP (Crude Protein) 52, EE (Ether Extract) 13. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Meles meles.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Oligochaeta WHOLE 40.00 Grzimek,B…
Insecta WHOLE 7.80 Grzimek,B…
Gastropoda WHOLE 5.93 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 5.36 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida SEED 4.84 Grzimek,B…
Rodentia WHOLE 4.44 Grzimek,B…
Mammalia WHOLE 3.70 Nowak,R. …
Erinaceidae WHOLE 3.70 Grzimek,B…
Aves WHOLE 3.49 Nowak,R. …
Reptilia WHOLE 3.27 Nowak,R. …
Anura WHOLE 3.05 Nowak,R. …
Mollusca WHOLE 2.83 Nowak,R. …
Apoidea LARVAE 2.40 Nowak,R. …
Vespidae LARVAE 2.18 Nowak,R. …
Vertebrata CARRION 1.96 Nowak,R. …
Magnoliopsida ROOT 1.83 Grzimek,B…
Fungi SHOOT 1.70 Grzimek,B…
Fagaceae SEED 1.53 Nowak,R. …

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Meles meles.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Insectivore Insectivore Brian K. …
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Animalivore Animalivore,Frugivore A. R. Fri…
Locomotion: Eisenberg 1981 Terrestrial Terrestrial John L. G…
Temporal habits nocturnal and crepuscular nocturnal and crepuscular John L. G…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Meles meles.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 1 1 - - - 12,000 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 5,000 - 34,000 - Freudenth…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm 2 2 - - - 668.5 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 1 1 - - - 32.26 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Meles meles.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
OPD (l) n/a 2 2 - - - 55 - - Evans, Al…
OPD (u) n/a 2 2 - - - 59 - - Evans, Al…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 46 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 130 - - Engelman,…
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 60 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 28 - - Nelson, A…
femur diameter nan mm - - - - - 9 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 34 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 9 - - Nelson, A…
neck length nan mm - - - - - 98 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Meles meles.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Meles meles McNab,B. K., 1986, The influence of food habits on the energetics of eutherian mammals, Ecological Monographs 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Gittleman,J. L., 1985, Carnivore body size: ecological and taxonomic correlates, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Friscia,AR, 2006, An ecomorphological analysis of extant small carnivorans, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Evans, Alistair R., Gregory P. Wilson, Mikael Fortelius, and Jukka Jernvall. “High-Level Similarity of Dentitions in Carnivorans and Rodents.” Nature 445, no. 7123 (December 13, 2006): 78–81. doi:10.1038/nature05433. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Law, C.J., Blackwell, E.A., Curtis, A.A., Dickinson, E., Hartstone‐Rose, A. and Santana, S.E., 2022. Decoupled evolution of the cranium and mandible in carnivoran mammals. Evolution. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Meles meles Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Meles meles , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/14934]