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MammalBase - Accepted taxon: Gulo gulo

Accepted taxon: Gulo gulo


Accepted taxon: Gulo gulo
Taxon: Gulo gulo
Rank: Species
Higher Classification: CARNIVORA | CANIFORMIA | Mustelidae | Mustelinae | Gulo
Reference: Wilson, Don E., and DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), JHU Press, 2005.

Fig.1 - Ternary plot of the proximate analysis for the Gulo gulo diet.
CF (Crude Fibre) 1, ASH (Ash contents) 6, NFE (Nitrogen-Free-Extract) 8, CP (Crude Protein) 49, EE (Ether Extract) 16. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 1. List of Diet Items for Gulo gulo.
TSN Complete name Part Ratio a. Reference(s)
Vertebrata WHOLE 16.13 Damuth, J…
Vertebrata CARRION 12.55 Nowak,R. …
Aves EGGS 10.42 Grzimek,B…
Insecta LARVAE 7.06 Damuth, J…
Mammalia WHOLE 5.60 Grzimek,B…
Magnoliopsida FRUIT 5.38 Damuth, J…
Aves WHOLE 5.38 Grzimek,B…
Vertebrata EGGS 4.71 Damuth, J…
Arvicolinae WHOLE 4.71 Nowak,R. …
Capreolus WHOLE 4.43 Nowak,R. …
Artiodactyla WHOLE 4.26 Grzimek,B…
Rangifer tarandus WHOLE 2.94 Nowak,R. …
Vertebrata BONES 2.91 Smith,A. …
Rangifer WHOLE 2.69 Smith,A. …
Cervus WHOLE 2.24 Smith,A. …
Marmota WHOLE 1.79 Smith,A. …
Myodes WHOLE 1.57 Smith,A. …
Rodentia WHOLE 1.34 Smith,A. …
Lagomorpha WHOLE 1.12 Smith,A. …
Lynx canadensis WHOLE 1.12 Grzimek,B…
Ovis WHOLE 0.98 Nowak,R. …
Magnoliopsida SEED 0.45 Smith,A. …
Fungi SHOOT 0.22 Smith,A. …

a. Standardized values. See details for the calculations in Lintulaakso, K., Tatti, N. and Žliobaitė, I., 2022. Quantifying mammalian diets. Mammalian Biology, pp.1-15. [DOI]


Table 2. List of Standard Traits for Gulo gulo.
Trait Selected Value All Value(s) Reference(s)
Dietary category: Eisenberg 1981 Carnivore Carnivore A. R. Fri…
Dietary category: Miljutin 2009 Animalivore Animalivore,Frugivore A. R. Fri…
Locomotion: Eisenberg 1981 Scansonal Scansonal,Terrestrial John L. G…
Temporal habits nocturnal arrhythmic,nocturnal John L. G…

Table 3. List of Standard Measurements for Gulo gulo.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
Body Mass (BM) nan g 2 2 - - - 12,075.3 - - Engelman,…
Body Mass (BM) nan g - - - - 5,800 - 32,000 - Freudenth…
Head-Body Length (HBL) nan mm - - - - - 723.5 - - Engelman,…
Occipital condyle width (OCW) nan mm 2 2 - - - 35.28 - - Engelman,…

Table 4. List of other Measurements b. for Gulo gulo.
Measurement Location Unit n Total n Unknown n Female n Male Min Mean Max SD Reference(s)
OPD (l) n/a 2 2 - - - 17 - - Evans, Al…
OPD (u) n/a 2 2 - - - 28 - - Evans, Al…
brainmass nan g - - - - - 73 - - Engelman,…
skull_length nan mm - - - - - 139 - - Engelman,…
BMR (kJ/h) nan kJ/h - - - - - 117 - - McNab, B.…
femur circumference nan mm - - - - - 33 - - Nelson, A…
humerus circumference nan mm - - - - - 37 - - Nelson, A…
humerus diameter nan mm - - - - - 10 - - Nelson, A…

b. other Measurements. Source Measurements which are not listed on or mapped with the Standard Traits..


Table 5. List of Data Sources for Gulo gulo.
Taxon Reference Match Status
Gulo gulo McNab,B. K., 1986, The influence of food habits on the energetics of eutherian mammals, Ecological Monographs 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Samuels,J. X., 2008, Skeletal indicators of locomotor adaptations in living and extinct rodents, Journal of Morphology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Gittleman,J. L., 1985, Carnivore body size: ecological and taxonomic correlates, Oecologia 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Friscia,AR, 2006, An ecomorphological analysis of extant small carnivorans, Journal of zoology 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Damuth, J. 2010. ABSOLUT 6 a mammalian database compiled by the national center for ecological analysis and synthesis (NCEAS ) workshop on mammalian communities. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Evans, Alistair R., Gregory P. Wilson, Mikael Fortelius, and Jukka Jernvall. “High-Level Similarity of Dentitions in Carnivorans and Rodents.” Nature 445, no. 7123 (December 13, 2006): 78–81. doi:10.1038/nature05433. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Grzimek,B., 2003, Grzimek's Animal Life Encyclopedia: Mammals I-V, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Smith,A. T., 2010, A guide to the mammals of China, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Nowak,R. M., 1991, Walker's mammals of the world, 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Law, C.J., Blackwell, E.A., Curtis, A.A., Dickinson, E., Hartstone‐Rose, A. and Santana, S.E., 2022. Decoupled evolution of the cranium and mandible in carnivoran mammals. Evolution. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Engelman, R.K., 2022. Occipital condyle width (OCW) is a highly accurate predictor of body mass in therian mammals. BMC biology, 20(1), p.37. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo DeMers, A.C., 2023. Functional Significance of the Mandible, Tooth Roots, and Tooth Crowns, and their Implications for Fossil Dietary Inference (Doctoral dissertation, The Ohio State University). 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo McNab, B.K., 2008. An analysis of the factors that influence the level and scaling of mammalian BMR. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 151(1), pp.5-28. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Nelson, A., Engelman, R.K. and Croft, D.A., 2023. How to weigh a fossil mammal? South American notoungulates as a case study for estimating body mass in extinct clades. Journal of Mammalian Evolution, 30(3), pp.773-809. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted
Gulo gulo Freudenthal, M. and Martín-Suárez, E., 2013. Estimating body mass of fossil rodents. Scripta Geologica, 145, pp.1-513. 1: Exact Taxon match Verified - Accepted

Citation for this page: [The MammalBase community 2024. / CC BY 4.0. http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7462864 Gulo gulo , Accessed 22nd July 2024 at https://mammalbase.net/me/14821]